Valuation of urban ecosystem services in Oslo

The Oslo case study aims to translate the concepts of natural capital (NC) and ecosystem services (ES) into operational examples. We conduct integrated assessment and valuation of urban ES, demonstrating how several different approaches can support urban management and decision-making in Oslo. The case study also scrutinizes the potential and limitations of the concepts of ES and NC in an urban and Norwegian context.

Foto CC0 Public Domain



The Oslo OpenNESS case study is a cooperation between the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, a non-profit research foundation, and Vista Analyse AS, a small enterprise. The municipality of Oslo and several of its agencies constitute the project’s advisory board.

Contact: David N. Barton/NINA

Related projects:

OpenNESS project website

URBAN Experimental Ecosystem Accounting



NINA Lillehammer

NINA Trondheim

VISTA Analyse A/S

  • Rasmus Reinvang
  • Henrik Lindhjem


Research Collaborations

MSc. students

  • Claudia Fongar (NTNU)
  • Oscar Haavardsholm (UiO)
  • Nora Vågnes Traaholt (U. København)

Ph.D. students

  • Emma Soy Massoni (U. de Girona, Spania)
  • Sergi Nuss Girona (U. de Girona, Spania)

Visiting researchers

  • Grazia Zulian (JRC)
  • Leena Kopperoinen (SYKE)
  • Pekka Itkonen (SYKE)
  • Arto Viinikka (SYKE)

App development

  • Joerg Preiss (UFZ)
  • Robin Elger


Insight PublishersValuation of urban ecosystem services in Oslo

Blog post by Rasmus Reinvang: Green space in Oslo worth billions!

Aftenposten (daily newspaper)Forskere har regnet på hvor mye Marka er verdt ... (science portal): Naturen i Oslo er verdt milliarder​ 

VISTA: Verdsetting av urbane økosystemtjenester



Naturen i Oslo er verdt milliarder

Naturen i Oslo er verdt milliarder

Norske forskere har satt en prislapp på urban natur for at vi skal forstå hvor uvurderlig den er for oss.   Les mer...

OSLOpenNESS partners and funding

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About NINA

The Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA) is Norway’s leading institution for applied ecological research.

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Contact us

 P.O. Box 5685 Torgard,
     NO-7485 Trondheim

 Phone +47 73 80 14 00